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Dental Services Oral Hygiene

Oral Hygiene

It is important to have your teeth professionally cleaned by your dentist or oral hygienist at least twice a year. If you suffered from previously treated periodontal disease, have your teeth cleaned professionally every three months.

The main cause of periodontal disease and tooth decay is bacterial plaque. Plaque forms continuously on your teeth and is a sticky colourless film. It can be made more visible with the use of "disclosing" dyes. By removing plaque daily, you can prevent the damage associated with periodontal disease and decay.

Daily plaque control is very important! Periodontal disease is the major cause of adult tooth loss. It affects three out of every four adults. Replacing lost teeth is the most expensive form of dental treatment. By making an investment of time into your daily plaque removal, you may be able to avoid thousands of rands of replacement dentistry. Usually only ten to fifteen minutes a day is required to fully cleanse your mouth of these harmful bacteria.

Proper Brushing

Proper brushing helps minimise the risk of tooth decay and gum disease, the major causes of tooth loss. Use a soft-bristle brush and fluoride toothpaste to remove plaque and food particles. Replace your brush every three months.

On outer and inner surfaces, brush at a 45-degree angle in short, half-tooth-wide strokes against the gumline. Then gently wipe bristles from gum towards tip of tooth.

On chewing surfaces, hold the brush flat and brush back and forth.

On inside surfaces of front teeth, tilt brush vertically and use gentle left to right strokes with toe of brush, then pull bristles towards tip of tooth.

Brush the tongue in a back-to-front sweeping motion to remove food particles and freshen your mouth. Brush your tongue, removing the bacteria that cause bad breath, will freshen your breath. Use a tongue scraper if you do not feel comfortable cleaning your tongue with your toothbrush. If you have a bad breath problem, brushing the roof of your mouth might also help.

The Best Toothbrush For You

In order to choose the best toothbrush that provides you with adequate teeth cleaning, you should know that a modern toothbrush must have:

The use of a electrical toothbrush can be beneficial in certain circumstances. Ask your dentist or oral hygienist for more information.

Kids Toothbrushes

Special care must be taken when choosing an infant toothbrush, because kids have more tender gums that are easily injured. Kids toothbrushes should have:

When To Change Your Toothbrush

The bristles of the toothbrush wear out during brushing. After some time they don't provide adequate cleaning and may injure the gums. To always have the best results from brushing you must change the toothbrush:

How to Store Your Toothbrush

The right way of storing your toothbrush will allow you to keep it in good shape for a longer period. To achieve it, after every brushing:


Toothpastes vary widely in their ingredients and their effectiveness. If you look at the selection in any dental section, you will soon be very confused. The most basic concept to remember is that there are specific pastes for specific goals. There are whiteners, tartar controls, cavity fighting, and breath freshening products. Stay away from abrasive toothpastes.


The most vulnerable area of the gum to periodontal disease resides between the teeth. Even the best brush designs cannot clean this area. There are many different types of dental floss. Flossing is the most effective way to reach these areas.

Different types of Dental Floss

Today there are many different types of dental floss commercially available: